Carbon is the chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. It is non-metallic.
Carbon combines with oxygen to form oxides of carbon. The two main oxides of carbon are:
• Carbon monooxide
• Carbon dioxide
Learn about carbon and its oxides.
Carbon is an element of immense significance to us in both its elemental form and in the combined form. Carbon is a versatile element that forms the basis for all living organisms and many of the things we use. This large variety of compounds is formed by carbon because of its tetravalency and the property of catenation that it exhibits.
The phenomenon due to which an element exhibits different physical forms though they have same chemical properties is called allotropy. The various physical forms are called allotropes. Diamond and graphite are two allotropes of carbon.
Petroleum is a complex mixture of solid, liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons, mixed with salt water and earthy particles.
Learn more about refining and extraction of petroleum; combustion and fire extinguisher in this module.
Carbon and its Compounds
Learnhive Lesson on Carbon and its Compounds